Originality.ai Utiliser un logiciel de vérification de l’originalité : ce que vous DEVEZ savoir

Dans cette vidéo, je vais vous expliquer comment fonctionne le logiciel de vérification de l’originalité et vous donner quelques conseils clés sur l’interprétation …

Hi there, in this video I’m going to be  explaining how originality checking software,   such as turnitin, works. I’m also  going to be giving you some key advice   on how to interpret originality reports to ensure   that your work meets the expected standards  when it comes to academic integrity.

A sound work in knowledge of things like  citation quotation and referencing combined   with appropriate study practices are often more  than enough to prevent inadvertent plagiarism   from occurring within your work. However,  accidental slips and oversights can still occur.   For example, you might inadvertently forget to  properly identify and delineate quoted content  

Within your work and then not pick up on  this when you’re proofreading your work. Originality checking software, such as  turnitin, can help you scan your work for   any instances of inadvertent plagiarism. It  can also help you improve your paraphrasing.   Such software has become increasingly  common in universities across the world,  

But unfortunately research indicates  that students are sometimes confused   about how to interpret the outputs  from originality checking software.   This can cause students to overlook instances of  plagiarized text or misclassify appropriate text   as being plagiarized. So, let’s clear up  some of the myths and misconceptions about  

Originality checking software and how to  interpret the outputs that they produce. Originality checking software works by comparing  the work that you’ve submitted with an extensive   database of work submitted by other authors. It  then generates a report that highlights areas of  

Overlap between the work that you’ve submitted and  the work that’s already in its database. It also   generates a score that indicates the percentage  of non-original content within your work. Here’s an example of an originality report. This  one happens to be from turnitin simply because  

That’s the originality checking software that  i have access to. In the top right hand corner   of the screen you will notice the 19% figure.  This represents the percentage of non-original   content that the originality checking software  has found expressed as a proportion of the  

Complete document submission. Notice that some  of the text on screen has been highlighted.   This indicates that the originality  checking software has seen that text before   in a source that’s been submitted to its database  previously. Finally, notice that on the right hand  

Side of the screen there is a list of sources  that have been color coded to give the reader   an idea of where non-original material featured  within the document may have been taken from. You may have heard originality  checking software being referred to as   plagiarism detection software. This is  very misleading and completely inaccurate.  

Plagiarism and non-originality are not the same  thing; it’s perfectly possible for something to   be legitimately non-original. For example, if  you were to include a quotation within your work   that was properly acknowledged this would  show up as non-original content but it would  

Still be perfectly legitimate (i.e not  plagiarism). However, if you were to use   the same quotation but not acknowledge  it properly, that would be plagiarism. Originality checking software cannot distinguish  between legitimate non-originality and plagiarism,   it can only tell you if it’s seen the text before.  This is a key distinction that you must understand  

In order to appropriately interpret  the results of originality reports. A key consequence of the fact that originality  checking software cannot distinguish   between legitimate non-original content and  plagiarism is that you cannot base decisions   about the academic integrity of your work  on the percentage of non-original content  

That the originality checking software identifies  is present within your work. It’s not the amount   per se that’s been highlighted that’s an  issue as much as WHAT has been highlighted. We can illustrate this with an example. Let’s  say you’re looking at two pieces of work. Each  

Piece of work has a 20% non-originality  score, but upon closer inspection that 20%   non-original content in the first piece of work is  entirely accounted for by the reference section.   Well, i hope you’d agree with me  that that wouldn’t be a problem.   References, by their very nature, cannot  be original: they consist of particular  

Information (for example the names of  the authors the names of the publication   in a particular order). Therefore, it’s  no surprise or anything to worry about   if originality checking software identifies  references as something that is seen before.  

On the other hand, if we look at the second piece  of work which also attracted a 20% non-originality   score and found out that this score was entirely  accounted for by a passage of text that had been   taken from another source without acknowledgement  then that definitely would be plagiarism.  

There isn’t a percentage non-originality score  threshold above which work would automatically   be considered plagiarism because, as we  discussed, non-originality and plagiarism   are not synonymous. Similarly, there isn’t a  percentage of acceptable plagiarized content. Another limitation of originality checking  software that you need to be aware of is that  

Originality reports can only tell you if the  words being used are original. It can’t tell   you if the ideas being expressed are original.  This is a really important distinction because,   as i’m sure you’ll recall, academic integrity  is all about giving other authors credit  

For their intellectual property (for example  their ideas) as well as for their words. If you paraphrased the work of another author, but  didn’t cite them for their work the originality   checking software would be none the wiser and  wouldn’t highlight the offending section of text.  

But, the tutor marking your work would likely  spot you’d plagiarized the work of another author.   You have to remember that just as highlighted  text does not necessarily mean plagiarism,   non-highlighted text does not necessarily  mean the absence of plagiarism.

I’ve provided advice on acceptable paraphrasing  in another video that i’ll put a link to in the   top right hand corner of the screen. In  this video i made the point that students   sometimes struggle to determine whether  they paraphrased other sources adequately.  

So, you might submit your work to originality  checking software and note that the originality   report contains areas of patchy but not verbatim  overlap with previously submitted sources.   You might then wonder whether you’ve done a  good enough job in paraphrasing those sources.

The fact that originality checking software  highlights areas of overlap between your work   and other sources can make it a bit  easier to determine whether you’ve   acceptably paraphrased those sources. Simply  read out the piece of text in question aloud   but omit anything that’s been highlighted. Then,  ask yourself the question: does what you’ve read  

Out, absent of any overlap with previous  sources, still say anything intelligible?   If the answer is: ‘yes what remains after any  overlap has been removed is still intelligible’   then it’s very likely that you’ve acceptably  paraphrased the source or sources in question   because your composition stands  independently of those sources.

If the answer is: ‘no, what remains after any  overlap has been removed no longer says anything   intelligible’ then your composition does not  stand independently of the source or sources   concerned and would likely be considered lazy  paraphrasing, which is a form of plagiarism.

If you like, you can pause the video at this  point and have a go at applying the process   that i’ve just described to the short  passage of text that appears on screen.   Having done this, i think you’d  agree with me that what remains   once you’ve removed any overlap no  longer says anything intelligible,  

So the text that appears on screen would be a good  example of text that’s been lazily paraphrased. You should remember that in order to  fully benefit from an originality report,   you must submit your work in good  time before the applicable deadline.  

This then gives you enough time to examine and to  act upon any overlap identified by the originality   report between your work and other sources  that is not simply legitimate non-originality. This is really important because hopefully  by now you’re beginning to understand  

That academic integrity cannot simply be reduced  to a simple percentage non-originality figure. Interpreting an originality  report is a time-consuming process   in which you have to apply what you’ve learned  about academic integrity to what is and what isn’t   being highlighted in the report and use  this as part (but not all) of your judgment  

About the legitimacy of the work you’ve submitted.  For example, your originality report might point   to very little or perhaps even no overlap  with previous sources but that would amount   to very little if you’d failed to use citation to  adequately acknowledge the work of other authors  

That you’d paraphrased or the ideas of  other authors that you might have used. Remember, originality checking software is  not a substitute for academic judgment and the   responsibility for ensuring the academic integrity  of your work ultimately always lies with you.

I hope you found this video helpful. If  so, please do hit the like button. If   you’re interested in learning more about how  psychology can help you study more effectively   then do subscribe to my channel  and if you want to know when I post  

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